Complications of diabetes

Complications are the negative effects of having a condition or illness, and there are a range of complications that may develop with diabetes. However it is important to remember that not everyone with diabetes will develop all or some of the complications. Understanding your diabetes and following the advice of your medical professional will lower your risk.

Many of the complications of diabetes are much more likely to occur if you have high blood glucose levels or high blood pressure over long periods of time. Keeping both your blood glucose level and your blood pressure at a healthy range is your best defence against developing the complications of diabetes.

Remember that every improvement you make to your blood glucose level or blood pressure will reduce your risk of developing complications. You don’t have to be in the target range to reduce your risks, although you will get the best improvement the closer your blood pressure and blood glucose are to target levels.

It may seem daunting, but the good news is that there are things you can do to reduce your risk of developing complications, and if you have already developed a complication it’s likely there are things you can do manage it. On the side bar is more information on different complications and what you can do to stay well.

 

  • Eyes

    For many years diabetes has been the leading cause of people developing blindness in New Zealand. However, with new advances in how to prevent or…

  • Kidneys

    Having diabetes can damage the small blood vessels in your body. This is particularly so if your blood glucose levels or blood pressure remain high…

  • Feet

    Even common foot problems can be dangerous for people with diabetes, as they may lead to more serious foot problems.

  • Men’s Sexual Health

    Impotence is a side effect of diabetes for many men. Impotence is when a man isn’t able to have an erection firm enough, nor can…

  • Women’s Sexual Health

    When you have diabetes it is very important that you plan your pregnancies. This is because conceiving a child during a period when your blood…

  • Diabetes-specific Skin Conditions

    The following are skin problems that happen mostly or only to people with diabetes. Many of them are very rare: Dermopathy, Necrobiosis Lipoidica Diabeticorum, Atherosclerosis,…

  • General Skin Conditions

    Up to a third of people with diabetes will have a skin disorder caused or affected by diabetes at some time in their lives. In…

  • Gums, Mouth & Teeth

    When you visit the dentist tell him or her that you have diabetes. Also let them know about any problems with infections or trouble keeping…

  • Nerve Damage

    The nervous system consists of the brain and the nerves. The central core of the nervous system is the spinal chord and brain. The nerves…

  • Heart & Blood Vessels

    If you have diabetes you are more likely to develop heart or blood vessel problems (cardiovascular disease). However, at present there is a decrease in…

  • Thyroid

    Studies have shown that the incidence of hypothyroidistm seems to be increased in both people with Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes, especially women over…

  • Infections

    When you have diabetes you have more chance of developing a range of infections, such as: Bladder and kidney infections, Oral infections, Feet infections, Skin…

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